Requirements for feed in the process of organic livestock and poultry breeding
Requirements for feed in the process of organic livestock and poultry breeding:
1. Livestock and poultry should be raised with organic feed. At least 50% of the feed should come from the feed planting base of the farm or the organic farm with cooperative relationship in the region.
2. In the first year of the implementation of organic management on the farm, the feed produced by the feed planting base of this farm in accordance with the requirements of this standard can be used as organic feed to feed the livestock and poultry of this farm, but cannot be sold as organic feed.
3. When the supply of organic feed is short, the purchase of conventional feed is allowed. However, the proportion of conventional feed consumption of each animal in the annual consumption shall not exceed the following percentage:
(1) Herbivore (calculated as dry matter) 10%.
(2) Non-herbivores (calculated on dry matter) 15%.
The proportion of conventional feed in livestock and poultry diets shall not exceed 25% of the total (calculated by dry matter). In the event of unforeseen severe natural disasters or man-made accidents, it is allowed to feed more than the above proportion of conventional feed within a certain period of time. The feeding of conventional feed must be approved by the certification body in advance, and the feeding situation shall be recorded in detail.
4. It must be ensured that ruminants can get roughage that meets their basic nutritional needs every day. In its diet, the proportion of roughage, green fodder or silage cannot be less than 60% (for dairy animals, this proportion can be reduced to 50% in the first 3 months). The diets of pigs and poultry must be mixed with roughage, green fodder or silage.
5. The young animals during the colostrum period must be raised by female animals and can eat enough colostrum. The same kind of organic milk is allowed to feed young animals during lactation period. When organic milk is not available, the same type of non-organic milk can be used.
Prohibit early weaning or feeding young animals with milk substitutes. In emergency situations, milk replacers are allowed to supplement feeding, but they cannot contain antibiotics, chemically synthesized additives or animal slaughter products. Breastfeeding requires at least:
(1) Pigs and sheep:6 weeks;
(2) Cow and horse:3 months.
6. The main agricultural ingredients in compound feed must obtain organic certification.
7. Genetically modified organisms or their products shall not be used in the production of feed, feed ingredients, and feed additives.
8. The following methods and products are prohibited:
(1) Feeding ruminants with animals and their products, or feeding animals and their products of the same family to livestock and poultry; animals of the same family;
(2) Any form of unprocessed or processed animal manure;
(3) Feed extracted with chemical solvents or added with chemically synthesized substances.