Jerusalem artichoke is a high-quality feed material for pigs and cattles

Jerusalem artichoke is a perennial herb. It has the characteristics of cold resistance, drought resistance, tramp resistance, strong adaptability, and low requirements for cultivation and management conditions. It can be planted in front of and behind the house or on unused land. The yield is generally 2500 to 3000 kilograms of stems per mu, and about 2500 kilograms of fresh stems and leaves, which can be harvested for several years once planted.

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Helianthus tuberosus is generally digging holes and planting in spring, 50 kg to 75 kg per mu, row spacing 0.5 m, plant spacing 20 to 30 cm, hole depth 10 cm, base fertilizer per hole is about 1 kg, and taro planting 1 Up to 2 pieces, with the seed tip facing upwards and covering with soil. Seedlings emerge about 1 month after planting. Attention should be paid to soil loosening, weeding, fertilization and soil cultivation after emergence. Flowers and buds should be picked from August to September to reduce nutrient consumption and increase stem yield. Before planting, you must thoroughly plow and prepare the soil, and only need to loosen the soil in the next few years.

The stems and leaves of Jerusalem artichoke can be fed to pigs and cows. In order to obtain excellent stems and leaves without affecting the yield of tubers, they can be cut before frost and fed to pigs and cows, or made into silage. But Jerusalem artichoke tubers are not suitable for storage, it is best to dig as you feed them. It can be harvested in late autumn and early winter or after thawing in early spring. Wash the soil before feeding, cut into small pieces, and mix with other feeds for feeding, but it should not be left for a long time after cutting. Jerusalem artichoke is rich in inulin, has a sweet taste, is crisp and delicious, and pigs and dairy cows like to eat it. It is also a high-quality feed for other livestock and poultry.

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