How to process corn stalks into cattle sheep feed pellets?
Corn stalk feed mainly refers to fiber feed made by crushing and granulating corn stalks, and is the main feed for ruminants. Crop straw has a high crude fiber content, which is difficult to be digested and absorbed by animals, has less available nutrients, and has poor palatability. It is classified as roughage in feed taxonomy. Cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin are tightly combined and intertwined to form crude fibers, which are the main components of plant cell walls. These natural organic polymer compounds have a very strong structure and can only absorb water to swell, and cannot be decomposed by the digestive juice and enzymes of monogastric animals. They only rely on a small amount of fermentation by the cecal microorganisms, and the digestibility is very low. Therefore, it is very suitable for the breeding of ruminant livestock.
Corn stalks are a crop that can be seen everywhere in the countryside. Every year, after breaking the corn in the countryside, the corn stalks are returned directly to the field or burned. The crushing and returning to the field can also be used as organic fertilizer. If it is burned, it would be too wasteful! It will cause serious environmental pollution, which is harmful to human health. Anyone who knows how to invest will use the straw pellet machine to process corn stalks into feed pellets for cattle, sheep and pigs, which serve as the "Chinese meal" for cattle and sheep. So how to process corn stalks into cattle and sheep feed pellets? Only 2 processes are needed to make cattle sheep feed pellets.
1. Need to choose a high-quality cheap price corn straw pellet machine
The Internet is so developed, you can find regular pellet machine manufacturers on the Internet, or on-site manufacturers. Nowadays, there are many manufacturers selling this new type of environmental protection equipment. It is recommended that users choose carefully.
Before processing animal feed, the dried corn stalks need to be crushed with a straw pulverizer, and then use a straw pellet machine to pellet the pulverized straws together with other concentrated feed.
From the above two steps, it can be seen that the straw pellet machine is very easy to process cattle and sheep feed pellets. Since the operation is so simple, what use are the pellets pressed by the straw pellet machine?
3. Use of corn stalk pellets
(1) Can be used as fuel. The heat of corn straw pellets used as fuel is generally 4500-5200 kcal, moisture content is less than 8%, ash content is less than 3%, low carbon, safe, and pollution-free, and can replace coal. It can improve the ecological environment and resource utilization.
(2) It can be used as feed. Corn stalk pellets are very good as livestock feed pellets, which can meet the nutritional needs of animals, and can also increase animal feed intake, which is conducive to digestion and absorption. Animals love to eat and promote the healthy growth of pigs, cattle and sheep. Increase economic income for users.
Written at the end, in fact, there are many uses for the main corn stalks, as long as the waste stalks can be turned into "gold" as long as they are used well.
4. Detailed explanation of straw processing cattle feed pellets
(1)Standards for high-quality straw feed
Making high-quality straw feed can not only save concentrated feed and increase the weight gain of fattening cattle, but also reduce feed costs and increase feeding effects. The standards for high-quality straw feed are as follows:
① Color: Corn stalk is green-yellow, soybean stalk is yellow, wheat stalk is light yellow, and barley stalk is light yellow.
② Odor: the unique scent of various straws, no peculiar smell.
③ Moisture content: straw moisture content is 14%-16%.
④Nutritional value: in line with the measured value of the nutrients of the straws.
⑤ Hygiene: No pesticide residues, no signs of mildew and deterioration.
(2)Production technology of high-quality straw feed
① Collection and transportation
Timely collection, corn stalks are harvested after breaking the ears of corn and transported to the cattle farm; wheat and barley straws are bundled with a baler after threshing and transported to the cattle farm or bulked to the cattle farm; soybean stalks are transported to the threshing farm with soybeans After threshing, it is transported to the cattle farm; the straw is transported to the cattle farm after threshing; if conditions permit, it should be collected and transported in bundles as much as possible.
②Dehydrate and dry
The stalks transported to the cattle farm (leave the ventilation duct) to dry (wheat straw), tied into small bundles to dry (corn stalk, soybean straw, straw, etc.).
When the moisture content of the straw is reduced to below 16%, the straw is piled up, the bottom is padded with stone or wood, the ventilation channel is reserved, and the top and upper part is covered with plastic film.
The processing of roughage for cattle is not as fine as possible. Too fine will affect the feed intake of cattle, and too coarse will cause waste. The thickness of straw processing is determined by the state of the beef cattle. For calves before 12 months old, the length of roughage (corn stalk, wheat straw) is preferably 0.5-0.6 cm; the length of roughage (corn stalk, wheat straw) in the early fattening cattle is 0.8 ～1.0 cm is better; the length of coarse fodder (corn stalk, wheat straw) in the later fattening cattle is preferably 1.5～2.0 cm; the processing method of rice straw is the main factor affecting the utilization of rice straw, and the effect of feeding cattle after crushing is poor. The effect of kneading after a short guillotine is better. Corn stalks, wheat stalks, and rice straws are rubbed first and then crushed.
Refers to the storage and storage of processed roughage, which should be stored in a moisture-proof feed shed at the bottom to prevent wind, rain, and sun exposure.
The good and poor use of roughage is often a manifestation of the feeding level of a fattening farm (or cattle farm), and it is also a key link in the profitability of a fattening cattle farm (or cattle farm).
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