How To Reduce Cost Of Raising Pigs By Pig Feed Production？
1.How to reduce the cost of raising pigs?
This is a problem that troubles many farmers and even farms.Today,RICHI Machinery will make a summary analysis of reducing pig raising costs.
(1)Choosing piglets. It is recommended that farmers choose to raise cross-generation pigs. Pigs have a strong living ability, rapid growth, and good feeding effect, which is the best choice to reduce the cost of raising pigs.
(2)Choosing a good feed. Judging from the feeding characteristics of pigs, pellet feed is easier to eat than powder feed, and can avoid waste. Considering the balance of nutrition, it is possible to feed the full-price compound feed produced by the compound feed processing machinery.
(3)Supply pigs with sufficient clean water. Water is the source of life. If the pig lacks water, it will affect its own appetite and digestive system, thereby affecting the growth rate of the pig, increasing the supply of feed and increasing the cost of raising pigs.
(4)Providing a good growth environment for pigs, and make good epidemic prevention measures. In summer and autumn, the weather is relatively hot, and plants such as gourds and sunflowers can be planted outside the pig house for shading and cooling. In winter, the weather is cold, and it is recommended to use plastic greenhouses for rearing. At the same time, deworming and immunization vaccines should be given to pigs regularly.
(5)Increasing the density of pigs. Piggery intensive, on the one hand, can reduce investment in fixed assets, on the other hand, a scramble for food occurs during foraging, and pigs will eat more. After eating, the activity venue is small, it is easy to sleep, and gain weight quickly.
(6)If you want to reduce costs and increase income, you should also learn more about pig breeding knowledge, including feed knowledge and price fluctuation trends, etc.
The above is some analysis on how to reduce the cost of raising pigs. If you are interested, please inquiry to discuss!
2.Reduce Cost Of Raising Pigs By Pig Feed Production
According to the nutritional needs of pigs at different growth stages, the pig feed formula should also be changed in time to provide the most suitable pellet feed for pigs. While feeding the full-price compound feed, it should be supplemented with other feeds, such as beer grains and sweet potato leaves. Which can increase the appetite of the pigs, provide more nutrients, and save feed. If the scale of the farm is small, animal feed pellet production line can also be used to produce pellet feed.
How to make pig feed pellet to reduce the cost of raising pigs？
(1)Raw Material Reception and Storage
Pig feed raw materials vary, they include: long material like crop straw, grains like wheat, maize, and others like oil cake/meal, additives, etc. different raw materials have different storage methods. For example, in complete feed pellet line of large capacity, storage silo is necessary for storing maize, wheat, and other grains.
(2)Feed Material Cleaning
The impurities in feed raw materials not only affect the quality of feed pellet products, but also directly relate to the feed processing machines and personal safety. In serious case, the whole equipment can be destroyed, which impacts the smooth progress of the feed production, so the impurities must be removed in time. The cleaning equipment of the feed pellet production line is based on screening and magnetic separation equipment. Screening equipment is used to remove large and long impurities such as stones, mud blocks and sacks. The magnetic separator is mainly used to remove iron impurities.
The technological process of feed crushing is determined according to the required fineness and the variety of feed. According to the times of raw material crushing, it can be divided into one stage crushing process, circulation crushing process or two stage crushing process. According to the combination form of batching, it can be divided into first batching, then crushing and first crushing then batching technology. Hammer mill is the most commonly used machine in this process.
There are 2 feed mixing methods: batch mixing and continuous mixing. Batch mixing is to blend all the components together according to the proportion of the formula, and mix them in the periodically running "batch mixer". This mixing method is convenient for replacing feed formula, and the intermixing between each batch is less, so batch mixing is commonly applied at present. However, as the start and stop operation is complex, the automatic program control is mostly used.
(5)Pig Feed Pelleting
In medium to large scale feed processing factory, feed material conditioning (tempering) is necessary, so ring die pig feed pellet mill is usually equipped with a conditioner on the top. The conditioning result directly influences feed pellets quality. The purpose of conditioning is to add water to the feed powder to let it has certain moisture content. After conditioning, the feed material is distributed evenly between the roller and ring die, so the feed pellets are pressed out through ring die holes, cut and discharged.
As in the process of pelletizing, the feed is input high temperature and humidity steam, and the squezzing process generates great heat, so the feed pellets moisture content can reach 16-18%, and temperature reach 75 ℃-85 ℃. Under this condition, the pig feed pellets are easily deformed and broken, and would bond and mildew in storage, so it is necessary to use feed pellet cooler to reduce their moisture to below 14% and decrease the temperature to below 8 degrees Celsius.
(7)Pig Feed Pellets Crumbling
For making young livestock feed pellets of small size, crumbling is also necessary. In order to save electricity, increase the output and improve the quality, the feed material is often made into a certain size pellets in order to save electricity, and then broken into required smaller pellet size. But it is not a must for all feed pellets manuracturers.
In small pig feed pellet production plant, this process is realized by the feed pellet cooler. But in larger capacity pig feed pellet processing line, if the crumbler is used, the pellet sieving machine is also needed, since it can separate the powder from eligible feed pellets, so that uniform feed pellets can be deliver to later packaging process, and the powder or uneligible feed pellets can go back for reproduction.
Produced feed pellets are weighted and packaged for sale on the market.
3. The best ratio of pig feed formula
The cost of feed accounts for 70%-80% of the cost of pig farming, which determines whether pig raising can make money. Let me share with you a design method of pig feed formula.
(1) Bran feed
Bran feed includes rice bran, wheat bran, sweet potato vine bran, peanut vine bran, broad bean leaf bran, soybean straw bran, etc. The amount of pigs is 10%-15% of the total feed, and the maximum is not more than 20%.
(2) Cake and meal feed
Cake meal feed mainly includes rapeseed cake, peanut cake, cottonseed cake, soybean cake, sesame cake, etc. The mixing ratio of pig cake feed is 10%-25% of the total feed. Soybean cake and peanut cake have good nutrition and can be mixed with 25%; rapeseed cake and cottonseed cake should be less than 10%. Rapeseed cakes and cottonseed cakes must be detoxified as feed, and other cakes only need to be steamed or fried. It is not advisable to add cakes and meal to piglet feed.
(3) Dregs feed
Lesage feed includes distillers grains, bran grains, vinegar grains, powder residue, bean dregs, bagasse, etc. The amount of pigs is 5%-10% of the total feed. Distillers grains should not be fed to pregnant sows and late fattening. Various dregs must be cooked before feeding.
(4) Grain feed
Grain feeds include corn, barley, wheat, sorghum, broad beans, peas, etc. The amount of pigs is 50% of the total feed, and no more than 60%.
(5) Animal feed
Animal feed includes silkworm pupa, fish meal, bone meal, blood meal, feather meal, etc. The amount of pigs is 4%-8% of the total feed. Piglets should not be fed blood meal. Fishmeal can be mixed with 10% in fattening pig feed. If mixed with silkworm pupa, fishmeal can only be mixed with 5%-6%. Pay attention to the ratio of calcium and phosphorus when using this type of pig feed.
(6) Mineral feed
Mineral feed includes shell powder, eggshell powder, calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate and salt. The amount of pigs should be 1%-2% of the total feed, and the amount of salt should not exceed 0.5%. If trace elements are added, they should be used strictly according to regulations.