How to reduce the water and power stress of laying hens?
With the continuous expansion of the breeding scale of laying hen farms, the number of chickens in a single building has gradually increased, and the degree of mechanization in the house has further improved. Therefore, improvements have been made to the infrastructure construction and water supply and power supply guarantees in the farm. High demands. The impact and loss of water and power failures on chicken production and chicken farm benefits cannot be ignored.
What are the hazards to chickens caused by water cuts and power cuts? How to prevent the occurrence of water and power outages? How to effectively reduce the series of effects of water and power cuts on the chickens to minimize losses and resume production as soon as possible. Today, Richi Machinery will tell you in detail.
1. Harm to chickens caused by water cut and power cut
After the water cut phenomenon occurs, it will first cause the chickens to lack water, and further lead to a decrease in feed intake, weight loss and egg production. When the dehydration reaches 15% of the total body water, it will cause the chicken to die.
After the power outage occurs, it will simultaneously cause the water outage phenomenon, and then cause the above-mentioned series of water outage problems. At the same time, because the fan stopped working, the temperature in the house increased, the breathing rate of the chickens increased, and the lack of oxygen was caused by the inability to ventilate.
In addition, the power failure caused the lighting equipment to stop working, and the disturbance of the lighting time caused the hormone disorder in the chicken population, which in turn caused the egg production to drop.
The damage caused by water cuts and power cuts to chickens is related to the length of time it occurs. Short time and small impact will cause the egg production of chickens to decrease, and long time and large impact will cause chicken deaths.According to statistics, power outages in summer for longer than 1.5 hours will cause heat stress in the flock and cause a large number of chicken deaths, and the loss is immeasurable.
2. Measures to reduce water and power outage stress
In order to respond to sudden water and power outage accidents in a timely manner, regardless of the size of the chicken house, water and power outage alarms should be installed, and their parameter settings should be reasonable and sensitive, and they should be checked every day to ensure normal run.
(1) Measures to reduce the stress of water cutting
The loss of the chicken flock caused by water cut for the same time period will be less than the harm caused by the power cut. At the same time, due to the series of problems caused by insufficient drinking water for chickens, it is easy to ignore the management of water supply to the chicken house in the management.
However, the impact of water cuts on the flocks cannot be ignored. When the water cuts occur in the chicken coop, the following measures should be taken in sequence:
Appropriately lower the house temperature to reduce the water demand of the chickens (this method is generally not required in winter); turn off the lighting equipment to reduce the activities of the chickens and reduce the loss of water; spray cool and hygienic drinking water in the trough.
(2) Measures to reduce the stress of power cutting
There are many reasons for the power failure of the chicken house, and corresponding measures should be taken according to different situations:
① Blackout caused by insufficient power supply
It is necessary to communicate with the power supply department in the region in time to determine the duration of the power outage, and promptly start the self-provided power generation device for power supply.
② Blackout caused by damaged power supply lines
Use the equipped cable to temporarily connect the wires from the neighboring chicken coop, and you need to make preparations for connecting the temporary wires in advance to supply power in the shortest time.
③Power outage caused by rain leakage in the distribution cabinet
Start the fan from the temporary wiring of the fan power distribution cabinet at the rear of the chicken house.
④The chicken house should take measures after power failure
Turn off the power of all fans first, then open the small ventilation windows, the front and rear doors of the chicken house, and prop up the fan shutters; when the chickens start to have symptoms of breathing difficulties, the water curtain should be quickly removed to maintain natural ventilation to ensure oxygen supply;
When the house temperature exceeds 33°C, take measures to spray cool water on the floor and chicken heads in the house to reduce the impact of high temperature on the flock.
3. Measures after restoration of water supply and power supply
After the power supply is normal, the fans need to be turned on one by one to avoid the instantaneous overload power consumption damaging the electrical equipment; after the power supply and water supply are restored, add anti-stress substances in the drinking water and increase the number of screeds; according to the power failure time, the light time should be appropriately extended that night .
In summary, the occurrence of water and power outages is caused by the failure of water supply and power supply infrastructure, and the inadequate grasp of the details of daily feeding management. The loss to the layer farm is huge.
However, through the establishment of regular maintenance and repair plans for power and hydraulic infrastructure, it is believed that water and power outage accidents can be completely avoided.
[More related knowledge]