Partridge bird breeding method
If we want to breed partridges, we need to build a place where partridges live. This can be raised as chickens, and we can build a house for breeding. The adaptability of partridges is still very strong. Need to know. The following Richi Machinery will come to tell you some basic knowledge of breeding partridges, and hope to help your investment in feed processing.
1. Preparation before breeding
(1) Preparation of the premises for partridges
Partridges like temperature and humidity, quietness and fear, and can be raised flat, netted and caged. Therefore, for conditional farms, partridge species should be taken Keep flat, commercial cages should be kept in cages, and the premises should be located in a dry, well-ventilated, well-lit, traffic-free, pollution-free and noise-free place, preferably facing south or southeast. The pigeon farms with no conditions can be adapted to local conditions and simplified because they are poor, and use old workshops and warehouses to transform. After the breeding is successful, there will be economic foundation for further development.
(2) Preparation of cages for partridges
Partridge cages have not yet been seen on the market to buy stereotyped partridge cages (maybe not understood). For the partridge farms, there are only self-made, the materials can be galvanized mesh, also Other nets are available. The homemade plover cage is similar to the pigeon cage, only the mesh is smaller than the pigeon cage. The plover has food trough, water cup, holding furnace, hatching equipment, etc.
(3) Preparation of partridge breeding technology
Mastering partridge incubation, heat preservation and health in the early stages, and scientific feeding methods for adult partridges are the prerequisites for ensuring successful breeding. However, as partridge farming has arisen in recent years, it is difficult to find training in technical aspects, and there are few related technical books, mainly relying on groping for yourself. You can also go to the online school "Partridge Knowledge Lecture" and the electronic publication "Partnership Technology Essay" and other columns to learn.
(4) Preparation of feed for raising partridges
Partridges currently do not have professional feeds in the market, mainly relying on the self-distribution of farmers. Generally, the feed ingredients are similar to chickens, but the protein content is higher than that of chickens. Broiler feed can be purchased. Self-provisioned feed must be prepared by gathering local crop resources.
2. Basic knowledge of feeding
(1) Partridge breeding management knowledge in brooding period
Temperature and humidity:
①Temperature Temperature is the most critical link during partridge brooding. A proper temperature can increase the survival rate. The indoor temperature of 1 to 2 weeks of age should be controlled at 33℃, the indoor temperature of 3 to 5 weeks of age is 28℃, the temperature of 6 to 7 weeks of age is 26℃, and after 8 weeks of age 24℃.
②Humidity Excessive humidity is easy to cause fungal infection; too low humidity is easy to get respiratory diseases. Generally, the relative humidity at 1 week old is 60% to 70%, and the relative humidity after 1 week old is 55% to 60%.
Under the premise of ensuring the temperature, proper ventilation should be performed to increase oxygen to discharge carbon dioxide, which is beneficial to the normal metabolism of young plovers.
If the density is too high, the activity venue will be restricted and fight each other, and the number of deaths will increase; if the density is too low, the effective venue will be wasted and the breeding cost will increase. Generally, it can be placed on average about 80 pieces/m2 at the age of 10 days, about 50 pieces/m2 at the age of 10 to 28 days, 30 pieces/m2 at the age of 4 to 10 weeks, and 15 pieces after 10 weeks. About ㎡.
20 hours to 1 week after shelling, all daylight is needed, and 16 hours a day after 1 week. Drinking water: Partridges add 0.02% oxytetracycline to 36°C cold boiling water within 24 hours of shelling to allow young partridges to drink. If the chicks are imported from other places, VB can be added to the drinking water.
⑥ Start to eat:
Partridges can start to eat after drinking water. Mix the feed with a small amount of water to make it moist. Rub the granules by hand and sprinkle a small amount on the paper to allow the young plovers to eat freely. For the first 3 days, it is better to keep feeding. After 3 days, use the trough. The trough should be placed under the light. The troughs should be staggered. The distance between them should not exceed 1 meter. Eat clean feed as well.
To maintain the environment and hygiene. The sink is cleaned twice a day and disinfected once every two days (with 0.01% potassium permanganate solution). Feces should be cleaned once a day in the morning and in the afternoon, indoor disinfection should be done twice a week, and in summer three times a day.
(2) Rearing management during the growing period
Young partridges are transferred to rearing houses at the latest at 9 weeks of age, and flat, net and cage cultures can be implemented. To prevent blackhead, coccidiosis and parasitic diseases, net and cage culture are recommended. In view of the strong flying ability of partridges, a flying fence can be set up outside the house. Feeding density: 0.03 square meters per animal at 4 to 6 weeks of age, or 35 animals per square meter, or 0.06 square meters per animal at 6 to 10 weeks of age, or 15 animals per square meter. Illumination is 14 to 16 hours per day (low intensity), using 0.5 to 1 watts per square meter. The red light effect is good. Feed 3-4 times a day, drinking water must not be interrupted, pay attention to environmental hygiene, and strengthen observation and nursing. For meat pawns, it can reach 92% of adult body weight at the age of 16 weeks from the beginning to the market for a fixed period of 20 hours. The male pups reach 0.6 kg, and the female pups average 0.5 kg. The feed conversion rate is about 2.04:1. Feeding partridges for hunting should be marketed at 16 to 20 weeks of age, which is economically efficient.
Regarding the above, there are several important points to be summarized:
(1) Partridges usually breed twice a year, which can bring us more partridges. We need to pay attention to this, because we need to take more care when breeding to ensure that the temperature, food and water are in place in time .
(2) If we want to breed partridges, we still need to control the temperature. The partridges just born, we need to control the temperature above 33°, and then control the temperature above 20°. This is more suitable for partridges to survive temperature.
(3) It is also important to pay attention to environmental hygiene. Dirty ones will cause the partridge to get sick.
4. The economic value of partridges
Partridges have the characteristics of fast growth and development, short feeding cycle, and strong fertility. Breeding partridges has low investment, effective, simple equipment, small area, low labor intensity, and can be raised by the elderly and children. Because the feeding conditions are not high, it is very Suitable for family breeding.
Partridges are omnivorous birds with strong disease resistance and simple breeding. Staple food plant seeds, flowers, grass, vegetables, roots, etc., large-scale breeding with ordinary feed plus grass and leaves. Urban and rural vacancies and warehouses are good places to house partridges, with 10 animals per square meter, and high-density multi-layer cages. A 50-square-meter room can house thousands. It can be listed on the market within 0.8 to 1.0 kilograms after 80 days of production. It consumes about 2 kilograms and costs 3.5 yuan. After a long-term exploration and practice, this farm has a major breakthrough in feeding technology. It can be produced after 180 days of feeding. The annual egg production of each partridge is 120 eggs. The fertilization rate, hatching rate and brooding rate can reach 85-90%.
Under good feeding and management conditions, one laborer can raise 50 groups (each group has 1 male and 3 females), with about 10,000 commercial pawns produced each year, each with a cost of 10 to 15 yuan, and an annual output value of 100,000 to 150,000 yuan. The profit can be Up to 60,000 to 110,000 yuan. Because partridges have strong disease resistance and small breeding risks, their benefits are 5 to 10 times that of traditional chicken, duck, pig, rabbit and other traditional breeding industries.
Partridges are so delicious and cheap that they are popular with consumers at home and abroad, and they are also used as a delicacy for entertaining foreign guests in the Great Hall of the People. According to a survey conducted by the relevant state departments, Japan has a huge demand, and the market price is 6,000 yen/piece. Some manufacturers have begun exporting to Southeast Asia and Japan, and little partridges are entering the international market. The saying "a partridge tops ten pigeons, and some partridges do not eat pigeons" is very popular in Hong Kong, and each partridge is still in short supply of 50 Hong Kong dollars. It is predicted that in the future, Hong Kong, China will purchase hundreds of millions of partridges from mainland China every year. According to relevant information, China's annual demand is about 200 million, but the current production of Chinese partridges is only 50 million, only a quarter of the market demand.
2. How to process partridge bird feed(The processing technology of partridge feed and chicken feed is the same)