How do feed pellet making plant purchase high-quality raw materials in a timely manner?
With the increasingly fierce competition of feed enterprises, the feed industry has undergone a pattern of major transformation, major development, major competition, and major elimination in the past two years. The industry has entered an era of high cost, low profit, large scale and information technology. Especially in the face of the fluctuating price war and raw material quality in the raw material market, how to purchase high-quality and low-cost raw materials in this environment, feed pellet making plant must control the quality of raw materials in the early stage of procurement.
The quality of feed products firstly depends on the quality of the raw materials. The quality and stability of the raw materials are directly related to the quality of the feed products. What is a good raw material and what is a secondary raw material? How should animal feed pellets plant distinguish between them on a daily basis? At this time, everyone will think of the standard. Is the raw material that meets the standard a good raw material? Sometimes we are also thinking about how to purchase cost-effective raw materials. Richi Machinery believes that we should start from the following aspects.
1. The understanding of procurement management needs to be strengthened
The purpose of the feed factory procurement management is to maintain the production and marketing activities of the enterprise and reasonably reduce the production and marketing costs, and to stabilize the product quality. Many people think that it is a simple transaction to obtain the currently needed raw materials at the lowest price, and mistake the best cost for the lowest price. They did not consider the strategic height of raising the procurement cost to the lowest total cost to suggest business supply channels. It is the procurement management work that does not fully balance the internal and external advantages of the enterprise in order to reduce the overall supply chain cost. Many feed mills are satisfied with the current situation in the construction of raw material procurement channels. They do not have better development of new suppliers. They basically rely on the original network to carry out their business. Some lack an effective comprehensive evaluation system for supplier selection. The lack of a certain width of the purchase channel brings passivity and confusion to the procurement work.
2. The traditional procurement model has been replaced
The rapid development of high-speed and high-efficiency electronic applications provides the best choice for immediate and rapid procurement. It also provides us with a shorter raw material product cycle and faster technological changes, thereby achieving greater progress in the procurement process. Agility. In the daily procurement work, it is necessary to regularly evaluate and inspect the operating conditions, manufacturing capabilities, technical capabilities, quality control capabilities, management systems, and feed factory qualifications of the raw material suppliers. If the raw material is unqualified once, the supplier will be given a verbal warning; for the second unqualified, part of the purchase price will be deducted from the supplier; for the third unqualified, the qualified supplier will be cancelled. It is also necessary for us to choose regional real-time bulk purchases, which not only maintains the freshness of raw materials, but also ensures fast and reliable supply from suppliers.
3. Set up inventory scientifically and reasonably
In recent years, the agricultural product market has been complicated, especially affected by frequent fluctuations in price, weather, transportation timeliness, and domestic and foreign futures. It is necessary for feed making plant to purchase rationally based on our own production volume and inventory. Inventory setting should consider economicalization. When the market is relatively stable, in order to reduce capital occupation and raw material turnover, the inventory should be reduced. In the first ten-day period, the inventory can be increased appropriately, the inventory can be compressed in the middle ten-day period, and the appropriate and reasonable inventory can be made according to the actual production volume in the second ten-day period. Feed sales are often unpredictable.
For example, when the sales volume of feed is soaring, the amount of raw materials used increases suddenly. If the inventory is low, sometimes production may be temporarily suspended due to a certain raw material being out of stock. In the procurement process, the purchase volume is not as good as possible. If there are no other factors, excessive purchases will not only occupy working capital, but also incur storage and transit costs, etc., and also affect the storage and purchase of other raw materials. When the raw material market fluctuates, the changes in the raw material market will also affect the changes in inventory. Reasonable procurement and inventory control require specific division of raw materials. For example, bulk raw materials such as distiller's grains, soybean meal, cotton meal, peanut meal and so on are usually used more, so we must give priority to them, set up the inventory scientifically and reasonably, and then formulate the corresponding safety inventory according to the importance.
4. Pay attention to procurement operation costs
Purchasing pays more attention to the purchasing operation cost while paying attention to the raw material resources itself. Convenience, timeliness, safety of transportation conditions, and transportation costs in low and peak seasons are all factors that need to be paid attention to by purchasers. It is recommended to cooperate more with companies within a certain geographic radius to facilitate the distribution after purchase, thereby reducing distribution costs, procurement costs and storage costs.
5. Pay attention to the influence of grain regionality and plant growth cycle, variety, storage, year, etc. on quality
Corn is one of the most important raw materials for feed ingredients, accounting for about 50% of the raw materials used. Corn acceptance criteria are generally divided into color, bulk density, impurities, moisture, imperfect kernels, and mildew (called mycotoxins). The focus of corn acceptance is mildew and moisture. However, toxins and mildew are not necessarily related. We need to observe the quality of corn from many aspects such as the place of origin, variety, receiving method and storage method.
Take China as an example. In recent years, with the development of intensive pig breeding, pig breeding has put forward higher requirements for feed ingredients, especially corn in North China and Huanghuai production areas that are affected by mycotoxins to varying degrees. For feed processing enterprises, Northeast corn is an indispensable main source of feed corn. In Northwest China and Shanxi, spring maize is the main source; North China and Huanghuai areas are mainly summer corn. Every October, new corn starts to go on the market, and the mycotoxin test results of new corn are generally relatively good. With the change of storage time, from February to September of the following year, mycotoxin generally rises, so how do we accept the corn? There should be different methods for use in each period, and the acceptance method should be adjusted according to the species (the effect of different species on the same animal is different), the place of production, the time of receipt, and the storage, so as to ensure the quality.
In recent years, the cost of feed procurement has become higher and higher. Animal feed plant must fully consider and measure the value realized by the raw materials. The development of alternatives to agricultural products, especially the raw materials in the radius of the feed factory's location, can be better if they are developed with high quality and low price. Reduce the cost of raw materials for the enterprise, thereby bringing higher benefits to the enterprise.